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May 2017


I have a 16 month old baby girl with genu valgum. She started walking at 11 months and within a couple months, I realized her bowed legs. It is more evident when she is standing up. It's not getting worse, but I haven't noticed any improvement at all. She falls and trips often and that worries me a lot. What should I do?

- Lilian - Mexico (Parent)



Knock-knees, or genu valgum, is very common in toddlers and may not correct until elementary school. It's common for toddlers to trip a lot when they walk at this age, so this may not be related to the knock-knees. There are certain inherited conditions such as rickets or dwarfism that may also cause knock-knees; your pediatrician would identify those with a family history and a physical examination. Knock-knees that cause pain, abnormal walking or running, or problems with sports should be evaluated by a physician.

- Christine Ho, MD


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All information on OrthoKids is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnosis, and treatment, consult a fellowship trained, board certified pediatric orthopaedist.